Коломенский Кремль

Фото: Коломна, Пятницкие ворота Коломенского КремляСамая значительная достопримечательность Коломны – это, безусловно, Коломенский Кремль, одна из самых мощных русских крепостей своего времени. Кремль был возведен в рекордно короткие сроки – всего за шесть лет, с 1525 по 1531 год. В нынешние времена иной многоквартирный дом строится дольше.

О строительстве каменного кремля распорядился Великий князь Московский Василий III. Непосредственным поводом для этого стал набег на Коломну крымских татар под предводительством хана Мехмеда I Гирея в 1521 году. Деревянные стены крепости тогда не смогли защитить город от незваных гостей с юга.

Согласно одной из версий, строительством Коломенского Кремля занимался итальянский архитектор Алевиз Фрязин Старый (он же Алевизо да Карезано), прежде участвовавший в работах по возведению Московского Кремля. В пользу этой версии, прежде всего, говорит сходство двух кремлей. В качестве еще одного довода приводят скорость постройки (6 лет, для столь мощного фортификационного комплекса – это совсем не много), что косвенно свидетельствует об опыте зодчих в возведении сооружений подобного рода.

В отличие от своих деревянных предшественников, каменный Кремль на протяжении многих лет оставался неприступным для врагов. Эпоха Смутного времени здесь не в счет – поскольку в то время невозможно было понять, кто свой, а кто чужой. По крайней мере, взять Коломенский Кремль приступом никому не удалось.

Первым серьезным испытанием для Кремля стали не иноземные захватчики, а свои же русские люди. В октябре 1606 года крестьянская армия под предводительством Ивана Болотникова захватила часть Коломны, называвшуюся посадом; однако войти в Кремль они не смогли. Оставив часть своих сторонников в городе держать осаду крепости, Болотников двинулся дальше на Москву.

В декабре того же года на подступах к столице смутьян был бит и принужден отступить в направлении Калуги. Это событие настолько воодушевило осажденных, что, выйдя из Кремля, они смогли одержать победу над разрозненными и морально подавленными силами болотниковцев.

По пришествии к трону династии Романовых, южные границы Московского государства со временем подвинулись в южном направлении так далеко, что потребность использовать Коломенский Кремль в качестве крепости совершенно исчезла. Казалось бы, за неимением внешних угроз, ничто не должно было помешать сохранности Коломенского Кремля в первозданном виде в веках. Но не тут-то было: видимо, с самого начала этой крепости было предопределено страдать от своих более, чем от чужих.

Жители Коломны, населявшие город в XVIII – начале XIX веков не придавали особенного значения старинному происхождению главной местной достопримечательности. Им, кажется, вообще было незнакомо понятие «достопримечательность». Коломенцы того времени преимущественно были людьми практическими и потому рассматривали Кремль, в первую очередь, как недорогой источник строительного материала.

В общем, они немало преуспели в растаскивании древних стен на кирпичи – Кремль серьезно рисковал не дожить до наших дней. Например, из первоначальных семнадцати башен Коломенского Кремля, до наших дней дожили только семь. И, если бы не соответствующий указ императора Николая I, изданный в 1826 году и остановивший разрушение этого и многих других памятников старины, неизвестно, что осталось бы нам в наследство от трудов Алевиза Старого.

Коломенский кремль, являясь достопримечательностью сам по себе, укрыл в своих стенах многие другие достопримечательности города, такие как Успенский собор, Новоголутвин и Успенский Брусенский женский монастыри. В Кремле находится городской краеведческий музей, проводятся выставки. Территория Коломенского Кремля на удивление ухожена и поддерживается в образцовом состоянии.
Теги: Коломна, Кремль, достопримечательности, что посмотреть

Комментарии

0
chenjinyan123 chenjinyan123
michael kors handbagschristian louboutinvibram fivefingerslouis vuitton outletyeezy 350christian louboutinmac cosmetics onlinethe north facekobe bryant shoesferragamo shoescoach handbagsmichael kors canadachelsea jerseyray ban wayfarercoach outletlouis vuitton outletcolumbia outletmichael kors outlettory burch outletralph laurenadidas yeezychristian louboutin outletcoach outletadidas neorolex watchesfitflop sandalsgucci uklouis vuitton outlet onlinechaussures christian louboutinlouis vuitton outletthe north facegafas ray banoakley sunglasseschaussures louboutinray ban sunglassestoms shoeschaussures louboutinpolo ralph laurenrolex watchesconverse shoeskate spade outletcoach outletray ban canadasnapbacks wholesaleprada bagsralph laurencoach outletadidas yeezy boost 350coach outletjordan 13under armour outletretro jordansomega watchesgucci outletfitflops outletnew england patriots jerseyschristian louboutin ukbeats by dr drecoach factory outletpolo ralph laurenseattle seahawks jerseysoklahoma city thunder jerseysmichael kors outletjordan 4los angeles clippers jerseysmichael kors taschencoach outletnike air max pas chercheap jerseysralph lauren outletinstyler curling ironred bottomscheap nhl jerseysmichael kors bagsrolex watchlouis vuitton outletray ban solglasögonburberry outletlouis vuitton handbagsferragamo beltmichael kors outletadidas shoesvans shoesgucci shoesseattle seahawks jerseysborse louis vuittonmcm bagsyeezy 350air maxray ban eyeglassesjordan 3replica watchescheap jordan shoesugg bootshermes outletcoach factory outlettimberland bootsred bottom shoesadidas stan smith shoesoakley sunglasses wholesale20176.17chenjinyan
Имя Цитировать 0
0
20170406 yueqin
Имя Цитировать 0
0
Гость
Имя Цитировать 0
0
chenjinyan
oakley sunglasseschristian louboutindenver broncos jerseysray ban sunglassesmichael kors outletburberry handbagschristian louboutin ukcheap rolex watchesnew york knicks jerseyschanel handbagsralph laurenmichael korscoach canadalouis vuitton outletgucci outletpolo ralph laurenoakley sunglasseskate spademichael kors outletcoach factory outletlouis vuitton outletmichael kors handbagslouis vuitton parisralph lauren polocavaliers jerseysmichael kors outletpolo outletcoach factory outletceline handbagscoach outletlouis vuitton outletabercrombie and fitchinstylermichael kors outletugg slippersoakley sunglassesoakley sunglasseskevin durant shoesasics shoesgucci ukralph lauren outletlouis vuitton purseslouis vuitton beltralph lauren ukralph lauren outletray ban sunglassesjordan 6louis vuitton handbagstrue religion saleray ban canadajordan 8louis vuitton outletchristian louboutin outletray ban sunglassescoach outletabercrombie outlettimberland outletoakley canadamichael korsnike tn pas cherugg bootscanada gooseray ban sunglasseschristian louboutin outletralph lauren uk outletlouis vuitton outletchicago bulls jerseyslouis vuitton handbagscoach outletpandora jewelrylouis vuitton outletpolo ralph laurenkobe bryant shoesmichael kors outlethollister clothingchaussures louboutinceltics jerseysreplica watchescoach handbagsray ban wayfarermichael kors outletugg bootscalvin kleinray ban pas chertoms shoesjordan femmetiffany and comichael kors handbagsray ban sunglasseshilfiger outletnike roshe runlouis vuitton outletmichael kors bagsbeats by drebasketball shoesmichael kors ukuggs outletseattle seahawks jerseystimberland bootsfitflopsjordan 4borse louis vuittonwashington wizards jerseysjordan 3michael kors outletlouis vuitton handbagsretro jordanschristian louboutin pas cherlouis vuitton handbagslouis vuitton outletlebron james shoesair jordan pas chercoach outletrolex watchesseattle seahawks jerseysgucci outletoklahoma city thunder jerseystoms shoeschanel handbagsnew england patriots jerseysmlb jerseysoakley sunglasseslouis vuitton handbagsray ban sunglassesmlb jerseyscoach outlet online
20173.9chenjinyan
Имя Цитировать 0
0
Гость
Your wedding is among the most most exceptional occasions to you that you aspire to be remembered by your guests. By giving ideal wedding favors to him or her, you can make it happen. In the present day, customizing wedding favors is among the most best tips on how to weddings memorable into the guests, customwedding.us

Also known as "The Spousal relationship Capital within the World" for ever reason, most people recognize that tying any knot during Vegas is among the most fastest together with cheapest discovering married. What plenty of people don't fully understand, is the fact that Vegas is certainly where you will also get find everyday materials luxurious, luxury and overpriced wedding products around. vipwedding.us

Early early days education centers can be bought in different zones. With this on your mind, parents just might discover as well as finding one of the best facilities where they'll enroll your kids. Facilities are usually located during family clinics, offices together with actual classes. educationexpert.us

Many students don't realize the countless awards which can be found in Canada that assists them deeper their tests. Here we can be at a few of them a piece further. This is often a excellent opportunity for students together with having some understanding them is often very fruitful for these people down the line. educationinfo.us

The market growth associated with a country generally relies on the students what person graduate within the schools on their different instances study. This means the volume of education within the teachers extremely matters. To your past yrs, the volume of education associated with a teacher has got highly happen to be argued, educationmaster.us

This content is meant for parents for children utilizing disabilities that have already difficulty utilizing getting transportation thus to their child meant for school. Released covers 5 lies that will be commonly said to about exceptional education transfer. Also dealt with is easy methods to overcome any lies that will help your boy or girl receive important special learning transportation products! educationtime.us

Everyday people send the younger generation into the real world with dangerously little preparation to your financial realities of daily life. Often the actual outcome are calamitous. This article give parents together with educators a couple of tips which means your child is certainly prepared to your financial realities of present-day society. youngeducation.us

Wondering which within the auto insurance vendors out one can find the major? It's don't hard to produce that these insurance vendors are extremely mammoth larger, and that there are a small fortune to be made in the motor insurance industry. autochamp.us

It is not really possible that will predict at the time you will face a critical or problems therefore one must always have a good deluxe first aid kit. This will let you respond effectively in any emergency condition. You should you need to have one in your residence and another in your own car. autodeluxe.us

Various factors lead to a customers accident for example vehicle acceleration, design, streets design, environment however , mostl importantly it is actually driver competency and routines that counts. Statistics clearly show that almost all accidents occur by reason of drivers negligence as compared with defective motor vehicle parts. autodesign.us

What whenever we managed enough investigate to discover how to avoid together with reveal motor vehicle dealers' fraud before people ever consideration foot during the auto car dealership? What whenever we may well be a fly over the wall and will see included in the dealer's playbook and avoid the index webs they will use that will scam us due to our revenue. Well, we will and what follows is a start over the matter. automotiveexpert.us

A motorized vehicle salvage sale gathers remodeled vehicles that will be marked due to reasonable alluring prices. You can get considerably at a motorized vehicle salvage sale. If that you're new that will purchasing cars and trucks at a motorized vehicle salvage sale, here would definitely be a few hints. poshauto.us

Whether that you're an keen sports fan or simply just someone who wants to make some more money online instantly, anyone will learn sporting events betting and really benefit from it should it be approached adequately. Professional betters use continuous winning strategies to become rather wealthy and provide a good full-time income for these people. learnsports.us

Brooks Sporting events Inc. has long been known when the leading fashionable and promoter of results footwear, apparels, and products in around 40 areas worldwide. Brooks Sports is a nature nurturing company together with an counsel of earth-friendly living; helping everything regain its natural charm. sportsrun.us

The dot-com bubble the fact that steadily inflated beginning in 1995 from your late 90s came across the grow of newer entrepreneurs together with application developers on their early 20s, all dreaming of becoming the after that Bill Gates, the prodigy who crafted the empire we now know mainly because Microsoft. techportal.us

The single most exciting things about being an adolescent is recognizing adulthood is just around the corner - together with what more effective first step to have on the path to legitimacy than acquiring a driver's driver's license? For teenage years in Illinois, however, the licensing process may be a longer, teensports.us

Golf is among the most toughest sports these days so to your need considerably of determination and style. Learning the sport and actually reaching to be quite accomplished at it, then it's going to take a massive amount time together with practice. toughsports.us

Most high school students have evolved skeptical for prize programs that are offered by the majority fundraising agencies. They are likely to be cheap, break easily and a lot of students together with their motorcoaches find bit of to hardly any benefit to your potential customers at most of. As an outcome, these different kinds of prize programs definitely don't motivate aged students. sportsgroup.us

As well as Google, people normally read the new blog articles and also hottest current information from Yahoo and google. Garnering 20% of the web is searching, Yahoo is reckoned to be the following best seek out portal (it really is a directory website), Yahoo's popularity is sure to progress now they need partnered utilizing Bing. newsbuzz.us

Certain years to come back, people counted on native newspapers to your latest news bullitains. When broadcast and hdtv entered any picture, people had other options to catch the new happenings. They can set about their on a daily basis routine each and every morning, and catch on the ongoing events through evening. newspulse.us

Money aren't able to buy all the things. But it will certainly get hold of fully jam-packed advanced World of warcraft Quest Helper that assists you point up sooner than your whole fellow gamers and may also also aid you earn PvP together with Gold tips that other aren't able to. I collection some features that very premium World of warcraft Quest Helper Add-on generally offer... newsquest.us

Adding memory towards your computer can boost speed noticeably. Buy unacceptable memory also, you could place yourself away for persistent problems down the line. Find out stay away from those concerns in this particular blog post. newsupgrade.us

This four weeks, ten peoplewere killed by just a teenage gunman in a school shooing spree, the deadliest for the reason that one for Columbine Graduation in l999. Now nowadays parents happen to be asking: HAVE TO OUR BOY OR GIRL WATCH TV FOR PC NEWS? Sow how does it benefit them? watchnews.us

This report discusses the requirement to enlist any services of each IT inquiring services provider. It deeper lists the main advantages of working using an IT inquiring services provider, and at the same time helps detect when these types of services must be present. consultservices.us

What exactly thinking of promoting or simply "selling? " A lot of people in any dental work would resolution this challenge with crowns, fillings, dentures, tooth enamel whiting, improved visuals and/or optimal oral health. But frankly, we are selling services. onlyservices.us

Is a superb the online business has mainly been strengthened when using the growth within the internet and also online internet marketing environment. The mainly issue involved in starting some sort of online online business is find a demand that must be met online after which you can efficiently internet marketing that demand to add to your sales and profits. originalservices.us

Along when using the product, its loading material is of terrific significance. Utilizing advanced instrument and high-end treatments, there differ variants designed to cater that will specific necessities of people who are members of varied business. To serve designs better, polyservices.us

In today's world background check has grown to become an essential aspect. If you are planning to employ everybody in your residence or representative, or for anybody who is planning that will rent your house or for the other reason that you're dealing using an unknown person very important to join in a thorough historical past check of the particular person concerned prior to you proceed. servicesinfo.us

Purchasing a fresh get started with your money situation involves currently taking certain consideration towards the best financial near future. The earliest is if you let go for any blame it's possible you'll feel to your past revenue mistakes you get as good as all blame you will have placed for your spouse or simply partner. financefuture.us

Pay for. We take note of that word of mouth thrown around lots, but could very well be surprised, yet, just just how many people do not have real idea that which is meant by just finance. In actual fact, it's safe to speak about that a lot of America provides a better fix over the goings on included in the Big Good friend house compared with they do the amount happens within the Federal Save! financematter.us
Имя Цитировать 0
0
wengdongdong
sac longchamp pliage burberry outlet michael kors coach outlet adidas shoes coach factory outlet online coach outlet online true religion jeans ray ban sunglasses outlet fitflops shoes gucci belt toms outlet store air jordan 13 micahel kors adidas trainers louis vuitton handbags louis vuitton outlet christian louboutin shoes canada goose uk ralph lauren outlet canada goose sale burberry outlet online toms outlet michael kors outlet coach outlet adidas uk nike store toms shoes juicy couture running shoes nike trainers nike outlet mont blanc pens christian louboutin ray ban sunglasses michael kors outlet ugg boots louis vuitton handbags michael kors outlet ugg boots moncler outlet jeremy scott shoes moncler jackets coach outlet online canada goose sale michael kors uk true religion outlet nike huarache discount oakley sunglasses michael kors outlet christian louboutin shoes sac longchamp michael kors handbags ugg boots michael kors uk nike air max kate spade outlet ralph lauren uk sac longchamp pas cher mont blanc pens jordan 13 jordan 8 caoch outlet michael kors michael kors handbags nike free runs nike uk michael kors true religion jeans fitflops gucci outlet coach factorty outlet nike roshe runs longchamp handbags ugg sale mulberry bags polo ralph lauren outlet timberland boots ugg outlet online michael kors outlet louis vuitton handbags hermes belt chi flat iron louboutin outlet ray bans michael kors outlet louis vuitton outlet adidas superstars gucci outlet toms wedges new balance outlet michael kors bags cheap jordans ugg outlet coach factory outlet michael kors oakley sunglasses cheap oakley sunglasses adidas originals soccer jerseys nike trainers cheap uggs on sale toms outlet louis vuitton ray ban sunglasses nike roshe run women air force 1 kate spade outlet nike blazers ed hardy outlet nike tn kate spade outlet ray ban outlet ghd hair straighteners louis vuitton handbags louis vuitton outlet fitflop uk michael kors outlet coach factory outlet nike sb shoes air jordan pas cher canada gooses outlet kate spade air jordans michael kors outlet coach outlet coach factory outlet marc jacobs handbags longchamp outlet air max toms outlet polo ralph lauren toms outlet store christian louboutin uk 20163.2wengdongdong
Имя Цитировать 0
0
wengdongdong
20161.28wengdongdong
coach outlet instyler max sac longchamp pliage air jordans gucci outlet adidas gazelle ghd coach outlet online coach factory outlet jordans shoes toms outlet burberry outlet online chaussure louboutin christian louboutin shoes cheap jordans nike air max cheap oakley sunglasses michael kors outlet online nike outlet store snapbacks wholesale coach factory outlet jordan retro 3 toms outlet store kate spade outlet christian louboutin outlet fitflops clearance nike free runs ray bans cheap ugg boots marc jacobs handbags ray bans michael kors outlet mont blanc pens michael kors outlet burberry scarf ray ban sunglasses nike sb shoes michael kors handbags hermes uk louis vuitton handbags tiffany jewelry michael kors ugg boots toms outlet louboutin outlet louis vuitton outlet hollister clothing store ray ban sunglasses sac longchamp new balance outlet ray ban sunglasses toms outlet adidas shoes uk nike trainers coach outlet michael kors outlet basketball shoes coach factory outlet true religion jeans canada gooses outlet adidas originals coach factory outlet fake oakley sunglasses cheap uggs ed hardy uk running shoes gucci belt louis vuitton bags rolex replica watches nike blazer coach outlet michael kors outlet gucci outlet toms outlet store nike air jordan chi flat iron michael kors outlet michael kors outlet online jordan 4 true religion kate spade outlet ray ban sunglasses air jordan 13 louis vuitton outlet canada goose jackets michael kors coach outlet burberry outlet cheap jordans polo ralph lauren outlet nike sb ray ban sunglasses outlet jordan 3 white cenment christian louboutin outlet ghd hair straighteners coach outlet coach factory outlet toms outlet coach outlet canada goose sale coach factory outlet coach canada outlet canada goose outlet nike huarache air jordan 8 air max 95 cheap ugg boots soccer jerseys fitflop uk louboutin abercrombie & fitch prada outlet michael kors uk nike roshe runs michael kors handbags jordan pas cher nike cortez juicy couture oakley sunglasses michael kors louis vuitton outlet ralph lauren uk michael kors outlet toms outlet cheap uggs boots michael kors bags polo ralph lauren outlet michael kors hermes belt kate spade outlet louis vuitton handbags burberry outlet louboutin pas cher michael kors handbags michael kors ugg boots cheap uggs on sale longchamp handbags coach outlet store online coach outlet polo ralph lauren cheap jordans longchamp bags michael kors uk coach outlet online christian louboutin uk louis vuitton outlet
Имя Цитировать 0
 
Текст сообщения*
Защита от автоматических сообщений